“On the third day a wedding took place in Cana of Galilee. Jesus’ mother was there, and Jesus and His disciples were invited to the wedding as well. When the wine ran out, Jesus’ mother told Him, “They don’t have any wine.” “What has this concern of yours to do with Me, woman? ” Jesus asked. “My hour has not yet come.” “Do whatever He tells you,” His mother told the servants. Now six stone water jars had been set there for Jewish purification. Each contained 20 or 30 gallons. “Fill the jars with water,” Jesus told them. So they filled them to the brim. When the chief servant tasted the water (after it had become wine), he did not know where it came from — though the servants who had drawn the water knew. He called the groom and told him, “Everyone sets out the fine wine first, then, after people have drunk freely, the inferior. But you have kept the fine wine until now.” Jesus performed this first sign in Cana of Galilee. He displayed His glory, and His disciples believed in Him.”
John 2:1-7, 9-11
So, its still the 3rd day and its someone’s wedding day. We know the weddings in Cana of Galilee, but we don’t know who’s wedding it is. Jesus attends the wedding with His mom and His disciples. While they were there, the wedding host ran out of wine. This would be most embarrassing to the wedding host and to the family. So Jesus’ mother tells Jesus, “they’re out of wine”, knowing that He, of all people, could actually act on their behalf. Though Jesus protests, asking her what this situation had to do with Him, she speaks up and tells the servants running the event to “do whatever He tells you to do”. (Vs 5)
There were 6 large water basins sitting nearby-each would hold 20 to 30 gallons of water. Now think about it-that’s lots of water! He tells the servants to fill the basins up, which they did, to the brim.
In the next scene, we see the head servant-the Boss-tasting the water which had now become wine. He’s so taken back by the wine’s good taste and quality that he repeatedly congradulates the family on purchasing such great wine and for saving it til last to serve!
We can learn serveral things from this story. First, Jesus loves people. He loved His mom and though he protests her implied request that He do something to help the couple and their family, He honored His mom and helped them out. He obviously loved the couple getting married. He’d most likely known them all their lives and was willing to spare them the embarrassment of running iut of wine on their wedding day.
2nd, Jesus is and was in command if the elements. Though both are liquid and the water content in wine is roughly half, wine and water are molecularly very different. Wine has to be sealed and aged in order for the fermintarion process to take place. Jesus managed to make this transformation in the time it took the servant to dip the water out and give it to his boss to taste (which was a HUGE act of faith on the part of the subordinate servant, if you ask me). Jesus had fundimentally changed the content and color of the liquid that he carried, in an open-not sealed– manner, skipping years of the normal chemical process! Jesus had achieved the immpossible before the very eyes of His mom, disciples, freinds and community!
Lastly, John records this as Jesus’ first “sign” or miracle–one of many–too many to record, that Jesus did to show Himself to be God in a man’s body (John 21:25), all done in order that the reader would recognize this and believe in Jesus.
John 20:30-31 says, “Jesus performed many other signs in the presence of His disciples that are not written in this book. BUT THESE THINGS ARE WRITTEN SO THAT YOU MIGHT BELIEVE JESUS IS THE MESSIAH, THE SON OF GOD AND BY BELIEVING YOU MAY HAVE LIFE IN HIS NAME. (And this is only day 3!)
The Gospel of John was written to foster belief in the hearts and minds of its readers in Him. Mary, Jesus’ mom believed! The servant to carried the water to His boss believed! Do you believe?
Think about it!